The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that was established in 1865 to promote international cooperation and coordination in the field of telecommunications.
The ITU is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland and has a membership of 193 countries.
The ITU is responsible for managing the use of radio spectrum and satellite orbits, which are critical resources for telecommunications services such as mobile communication, broadcasting, and satellite communication.
The organization also sets technical standards for telecommunications equipment and services, which help to ensure that devices from different manufacturers can work together seamlessly.
In addition, the ITU plays an important role in promoting universal access to telecommunications services, with a particular focus on developing countries.
The organization works to promote the deployment of telecommunications infrastructure in rural and remote areas, and to support the development of policies and regulations that promote affordable and accessible telecommunications services.
The ITU is also involved in a range of other activities related to telecommunications, including research and development, capacity building, and policy advocacy. Its work is critical to ensuring that people around the world have access to reliable and affordable telecommunications services, which are essential for economic and social development.